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Requirements for the article design

We accept articles in Ukrainian or English that:

are written solely or in co-authorship with no more than three persons
contain the results of the author’s own scientific research
are presented at a high scientific level
meet the requirements for the content, volume, and design
have not been previously published and are not under consideration by the editorial board of another journal


The text of the article should be prepared in Microsoft Word using the following parameters:
page format A4, portrait orientation with width alignment
font Times New Roman, size 14
line spacing 1.5
paragraph indentation 1.25 mm
margins 20 mm
the total file length should be between 20,000 and 35,000 characters, excluding spaces
the text should not contain macros, automatic numbered and labeled lists, word hyphenation


It is given in bold, capital letters with left margin alignment.
The title should reflect the main content of the study and be laconic.
The title should not contain abbreviations and acronyms, except for well-established abbreviations (EU, USA, etc.).
The editorial board has the right to suggest that the author(s) change the title of the article.

Information about the author(s)
It is aligned to the left margin in the following order:
author’s first and last name in italics
scientific degree, academic position in italics
position and place of work (study) in italics
ORCID (only numbers in format 0000-0000-0000-0000) in italics

Abstract in the language of the article
The abstract should briefly reflect the main provisions of the article: the problem chosen for research, the purpose of the study, and its results. The abstract should not contain references to sources.
The length of the abstract should be 500-550 characters excluding spaces.

Key words
Please provide no more than 6 words / short phrases that reflect the subject of research and do not reproduce the title of the article.
The phrase can consist of no more than three words.

The title is in bold with a period at the end.
This part describes the essence of the chosen problem and justifies the need for its research. In particular, it is advisable to outline the current situation of the chosen problem, explain why it is a problem of theory and/or practice, illustrate the content of the scientific discussion on this problem, and argue the actuality and significance of its research.

Literature review
The title is in bold with a period at the end.
This part indicates which scholars have researched the chosen issue and what are the main doctrinal achievements on the topic of the article. The name of the author(s) of the article is not given in the literature review. It should be also indicated which aspects of the research topic remain controversial or unresolved.

The purpose of the study
The title is in bold followed by a sentence describing the main purpose of the study.

Results of the study
The title is in bold with a period in the end.
This part contains the main text of the article, which should reflect the analysis of factual material and research results in accordance with the purpose.
At the choice of the author(s), the text of the main material may be divided into substantive blocks, their headings are provided in bold italics.
If there is a justified need to emphasize a particular word or phrase, it should be italicized. Text underlining is not acceptable.

The title is in bold with a period in the end.
The Conclusion should contain the most important results of the study that meet the purpose of the study, have scientific novelty, theoretical and/or practical significance. The conclusion should not reproduce (copy) literally some sentences of the main part of the study.

List of References
The title is in bold with a colon at the end.
The sources cited in the article should be provided in the order they appear in the text. The list of references is made in the original language of the sources in accordance with (at the choice of the author):
the international standard APA (American Psychological Association) or
the National Standard of Ukraine DSTU 8302:2015 “Information and documentation. Bibliographic reference. General provisions and rules of compilation”.
Electronic sources must contain a link to the page where the relevant information is posted and the date of access in the format DD.MM.YYYY (day.month.year), for example:
European Parliament resolution of 20 October 2020 on intellectual property rights for the development of artificial intelligence technologies (2020/2015(INI)). URL: https://www.europarl.europa.eu/doceo/document/TA-9-2020-0277_EN.pdf (accessed 06.02.2023).

Extended abstract
In an article written in English, an extended abstract is presented in Ukrainian, and vice versa. If you are not a native Ukrainian speaker, please prepare the extended abstract in English and we will translate it for you.
The title “Abstract” is not given. In the beginning, the first and last name of the author, scientific degree, academic position, position and place of work (study), and the title of the article are provided in bold. Next is a summary that reflects the description of the problem and purpose of the study and the conclusions made by the author(s) of the article. In the end, key words are given. The abstract should not contain references, quotations, tables, and graphic materials.
The length of the extended abstract should be 1800-2000 characters excluding spaces.


All quotations are given in the language of the article in their original wording or in an accurate translation from a foreign language. Abbreviations are allowed if they do not change the meaning of the quoted fragment. The abbreviation is indicated by three dots, for example: “part of the quotation … another part of the quotation after the deleted fragment”. If there was a punctuation mark before or after the abbreviation, it is not used in the case of an abbreviation.

Quotations from scientific or other works are set off by quotation marks that indicate the beginning and end of the quotation. Fragments of regulatory legal acts, case law, and other similar materials are not set off with quotation marks.

References to the sources used are made in square brackets, where the first number corresponds to the number of the source in the list given at the end of the article, and the second number is the page number on which the quoted fragment is placed (if any), for example: [5, р. 18].
If a quotation is partially placed on several pages, their numbers are hyphenated, for example: [12, р. 45-46].
If the cited source is a document that has paragraphs, the number of the cited paragraph should be given in square brackets, for example [6, para 50] or [14, paras 87-89].
The numbers of parts and articles of legislative acts are given directly in the text of the article, and only the number of the source in the list is indicated in square brackets, for example: “According to part 3 of Article 22 of the Civil Code [8], damages are compensated in full, unless the contract or law provides for compensation in a smaller or larger amount.”.
A reference to a legislative act is given once in the part of the text where it is mentioned for the first time. In case of further mentions of this act, the reference to it is not given.
The use of footnotes at the bottom of the page is allowed in exceptional cases to explain the essence of certain aspects covered in the article. Authors should make every effort to provide all necessary explanations directly in the text of the article.

The list of references must contain new scientific sources published in the last 5 years. Exceptions are allowed only when justified by the purpose of the article.

References to the author(s) own publications should be justified by the purpose of the study. The volume of self-citation (citing fragments of the author’s own previously published works) may not exceed 20% of the total volume of the article. The number of own works of the author(s) of the article in the list of references should not exceed 10% of the total number of references.

References to sources of a non-scientific nature, in particular, Wikipedia, blog posts, must be justified by a specific and exclusive purpose that cannot be achieved without reference to such sources.


Tables and graphic materials (charts, graphs, diagrams, etc.) are provided with a reference to the source of borrowing, placed under the corresponding image in italics with font size 12, for example:

Figure 1. International applications for trademark registration by region, 2011 and 2021
Source: Madrid Yearly Review 2022. International Registration of Marks: WIPO Executive Summary

If the source of the table or graphic material is not cited in the text of the article, it should not be included in the list of references.

If the table (graphic material) was developed by the author(s) of the article, the data used to develop this table (graphic material) should be indicated under the image, for example:

Figure 2. The amount of fair remuneration in the form of a percentage of the sale price of the original work in the EU
Developed by the author based on the provisions of Directive 2001/84/EC

The use of such elements should be justified, and the text of the article should not reproduce the data indicated in the table and/or graphic material in full.

Photographs, drawings, and other visual elements may be used in exceptional cases when it is necessary to achieve the purpose of the study; the author, the title of the work (if any), and the source of borrowing should be indicated.